We eat and drink several times a day. By implementing the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) we can gain maximum reward for these mundane activities.
10 Sunnahs of Eating
1️⃣ To wash both the hands before and after meals. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith: 3755)
2️⃣ To sit on the floor (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5386)
3️⃣ To sit in one of the following three postures;
In the Tashahud position (like in Salah) (Fathul Bari, Hadith: 5399).
Same as above with the right knee raised, (Ibid; Takhrijul Ihyaa, Hadith: 1304) and
In the squatting posture (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5299).
4️⃣ To eat with the fingers (thumb, index and middle fingers). (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5265 and Majma’uz Zawaid)
5️⃣ To take the name of Allah before eating. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5376)
6️⃣ To eat with the right hand. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5376)
7️⃣ To eat from the closest part of the plate and not from the middle. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5376)
8️⃣ As far as possible, to eat collectively from one plate. (Ibn Kathir Surah 24, Ayah 61; Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith: 3287)
9️⃣ To clean every bit of food left on the plate and to lick the fingers before washing them. (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5268)
🔟 To recite the various Masnun du’as after meals. One of them is, ‘Alhamdulillahil ladhiy at’amana wa saqana wa ja’alana muslimin’. (Sunan Abi Dawud)
10 Sunnahs of Drinking
1️⃣ To sit and drink. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 6452 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5242, 5247).
Zamzam water and left over water in the utensil used for wudu are excluded from this.
2️⃣ To drink with the right hand. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5380; Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5233)
3️⃣ To take 3 sips (or more in odd numbers). (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5631; Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5255)
4️⃣ To say Bismillah before drinking. (Sahih Bukhari and Al Adhkar; Fathul Bari vol.10 pg.117)
5️⃣ To say Alhamdulillah after drinking. (Ibnus Sunni, Hadith: 472; Majma’uz Zawaid vol.5 pg.81; Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 1885; Fathul Bari vol.10 pg.117 Hadith: 5631)
6️⃣ If there are several people who are going to share the drink, it should be given to the one on the right. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5612; Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5257)
7️⃣ The one who is distributing the water (or food) should himself drink after everyone. (Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 1894)
8️⃣ To recite the following Du’a after drinking, ‘Alhamdulillahil ladhiy at’ama wa saqa, wa sawwaghahu wa ja’ala lahu makhraja.’ (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 3847). This du’a could also be recited after eating. (Ibid)
9️⃣ One may also recite: Alhamdulillahil ladhy saqani ‘adhban furatan bi rahmatihi walam yaj’alhu milhan ujajan bi dhunubi. (Ibnus Sunni and Tabarani)
🔟 After drinking milk to recite ‘Allahumma barik lana fihi wa zidna minhu’. (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 3723; Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 3455; Ibnus Sunni,Hadith 474).
Food and drink are a blessing from Allah. By implementing the Sunnah and avoiding wastage, we would be physically expressing Shukr (gratitude) to Allah Ta’ala.
By: Moulana Muhammad bin Haroon. Al Miftah
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